An Oral Health Guide For Diabetics

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If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, taking care of your diet has never been more imperative. But, apart from exercising and sticking to a healthy diet, you should also pay attention to your oral health. Here’s why:

As a diabetic, you’re more prone to dental problems than other people. This is because your blood has high glucose levels, and if it’s not under control, it can lead to serious teeth and gum problems. However, apart from taking your medications on time, there are other precautions that you can take to maintain good oral health. Let’s take a look at some of them.

Check For Cavities

When your mouth hasn’t been cleaned properly, it becomes a breeding ground for bacteria. The bacteria form a sticky substance called plaque, which covers your teeth and gums. Usually when people consume sugary foods and drinks, these bacteria feed on them and convert them into acids. The acids then latch onto the tooth enamel and create cavities. Diabetics tend to avoid eating sugary foods, but their blood contains a high level of sugar that can cause tooth decay.

To avoid cavities, use a fluoride-based toothpaste and brush at least twice a day. Floss daily and if you mouth persistently feels dry, cleanse it with non-alcoholic mouthwash.

Keep A Tab On Gum Diseases

Plaque is harmful to the gums as it releases toxins that can weaken your gumline and loosen teeth. If you don’t clean your mouth properly, the plaque will harden and transform into tartar. The formation of tartar can lead to gum inflammation and redness, also known as Gingivitis and if you don’t get rid of the tartar, your gums will start bleeding and swelling.

At Markham NS Dental Clinic, we always advise our patients to opt for treatment as soon as they spot the first signs of Gingivitis. If left untreated, Gingivitis can develop into a severe gum disease known as Periodontitis. Periodontitis weakens your gums, resulting in tooth loss and also spikes blood sugar levels. This condition is worsened if you are a diabetic because your natural immune system is already weak.

To avoid gum diseases, always take your medication on time and clean your mouth properly. Also, remember to use a soft-bristled toothbrush and to treat your teeth and gums with care.

Treatment For Oral Fungal Diseases

As a diabetic, you might be required to take antibiotics from time to time to fight infections. This paves the way for a fungal infection called Thrush, which produces white or red patches in your mouth and may cause a burning sensation on your tongue. This condition can be quite painful and may hamper your ability to consume food. You can avoid Thrush by visiting the dentist regularly.

Another common kind of oral fungal infection is Oral Candidiasis, which is more prominent amongst diabetics. If you’re a diabetic who smokes, it’s time to give up this bad habit. Smoking will not only complicate your condition but will also result in oral infections. If you’re unable to give up smoking, you can consult a doctor and opt for rehabilitation.

Everyone should maintain good oral hygiene and should go for regular dental checkups but as a diabetic you should take extra care of your teeth and gums. Keep checking for signs of teeth and gum problems and seek treatment if you spot any signs of disease or infection.